CARIBBEAN REGION AND NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA                  POINTING ANGLES for DBS SATELLITES 

Copyright 2004 by MIKE KOHL / GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS of Plain, Wisconsin
Tel  (608) 546-2523     Fax (608) 546-2157     EMail  globalcm@mhtc.net      Web Site:  http://www.global-cm.net/

Azimuth headings are TRUE, not MAGNETIC.    Please apply local correction if using a compass.

119.0  =  DISH Network and DirecTV
110.0 
=  DISH Network and DirecTV
101.0  =  DirecTV
 
91.0   =  NIMIQ 1  (X-Vu)
 
82.0   =  NIMIQ 2  (X-Vu)
 
61.5   =  ECHOSTAR 3  (DISH Network) and  RAINBOW 1 (Voom)

Pointing angles provided for reference only.  
This does not necessarily mean that usable signals are available in that location.  
Signals are much weaker than those found on the North American mainland.

In general terms, 119 has better signals than 110 throughout the region, and 101 has wide variations in the received signal strength of various transponders.  91 and ECHOSTAR 3 (at 61.5) compare favorably with coverage of 119.  82 coverage is limited to extreme northern and western areas of the Caribbean.  Reliable information on RAINBOW 1 (at 61.5) coverage is not available, but thought to be quite limited outside of the continental U.S.

The most accurate information can be obtained by inquiring locally, and comparing equipment successfully used in existing installations.   Size and efficiency of antennas plus the competence and test equipment available to local technicians will determine your ultimate results.  Global Communications has a wide range of antennas and LNBFs available for sale, and can make general recommendations based upon competent installation.  We do not sell subscription receivers for any of the above services, but do offer MPEG-2 free-to-air devices, which can be used for a limited number of channels, and to monitor overall signal strength.

CARIBBEAN Lat-N   Long-W 119  El/Az 110  El/Az 101  El/Az  91  El/Az  82  El/Az 61.5  El/Az
               
BERMUDA              
Hamilton 32.3  64.8 21.5  248.9 28.9  242.0 36.0  233.9 43.0  222.6 48.0  210.1 52.2  173.8
               
BAHAMAS              
Freeport 26.5  78.7 36.0  242.2 43.6  233.7 50.3  222.6 56.1  206.0 58.8  187.4 53.6  145.2
Nassau 25.1  77.4 35.5  244.5 43.4  236.4 50.6  225.8 56.9  209.7 60.2  190.7 55.7  146.1
Andros Town 24.7  77.8 36.1  244.5 44.0  236.4 51.2  225.7 57.5  209.3 60.7  190.0 55.8  145.0
Governor's Harbour 25.2  76.2 34.4  245.3 42.3  237.5 49.6  227.3 56.2  211.8 59.8  193.4 56.2  148.4
George Town 23.5  75.8 34.8  247.0 43.0  239.6 50.6  229.7 57.6  214.3 61.6  195.2 58.1  147.4
Cockburn Town 24.0  74.5 33.4  247.5 41.5  240.3 49.2  230.8 56.3  216.1 60.7  197.9 58.3  150.4
Clarence Town 23.1  75.0 34.2  247.9 42.5  240.7 50.2  231.2 57.5  216.2 61.8  197.4 59.0  148.5
Abraham's Bay 22.3  72.9 32.6  249.9 41.0  243.4 49.0  234.6 56.8  220.7 61.9  202.9 60.9  152.0
Matthew Town 20.9  73.7 33.9  250.6 42.4  244.1 50.6  235.3 58.6  221.1 63.7  202.2 61.8  148.8
               
TURKS & CAICOS ISLANDS              
Providenciales 21.8  72.3 32.2  250.7 40.7  244.3 48.8  235.8 56.8  222.3 62.2  204.7 61.7  152.8
Grand Turk 21.5  71.5 31.5  251.4 40.1  245.3 48.3  237.1 56.5  224.0 62.1  206.8 62.4  154.3
               
CUBA              
Pinar del Rio 22.4  83.7 42.6  241.7 50.4  232.4 57.3  219.3 62.5  198.6 63.7  175.5 53.7  133.0
Havana 23.1  82.4 41.0  242.1 48.9  233.1 55.8  220.6 61.3  201.1 62.9  179.0 54.2  135.8
Matanzas 23.0  81.6 40.4  242.9 48.3  234.1 55.3  222.0 61.0  203.0 63.1  181.0 54.8  136.9
Cardenas 23.0  81.2 40.0  243.3 47.9  234.6 55.0  222.7 60.9  203.8 63.1  182.0 55.1  137.5
Cienfuegos 22.2  80.5 39.8  244.6 47.9  236.3 55.2  224.7 61.4  206.1 63.9  184.0 56.3  137.7
Santa Clara 22.4  80.0 39.2  244.8 47.3  236.6 54.6  225.2 61.0  207.0 63.7  185.2 56.5  138.7
Camaguey 21.4  77.9 37.7  247.3 46.0  239.8 53.8  229.4 60.8  212.5 64.5  191.1 58.8  141.1
Holguin 20.9  76.2 36.3  248.9 44.8  241.9 52.7  232.3 60.3  216.5 64.6  195.9 60.3  143.7
Santiago de Cuba 20.0  75.8 36.2  250.0 44.8  243.3 53.0  234.0 60.8  218.5 65.5  197.6 61.4  143.3
Guantanamo 20.1  75.2 35.6  250.3 44.2  243.7 52.4  234.6 60.3  219.5 65.2  199.1 61.7  144.6
               
CAYMAN ISLANDS              
Grand Cayman 19.3  81.4 41.9  246.8 50.4  238.8 58.2  227.1 64.8  207.1 67.3  181.8 57.9  132.4
Little Cayman 19.7  80.0 40.4  247.4 48.9  239.7 56.8  228.7 63.7  210.0 66.8  185.9 58.7  135.2
               
JAMAICA              
Montego Bay 18.4  77.9 38.9  250.1 47.6  243.3 55.9  233.5 63.7  216.4 67.9  192.8 61.4  137.0
Kingston 18.0  76.8 37.9  251.2 46.8  244.7 55.2  235.5 63.3  219.3 68.0  196.4 62.5  138.5
               
HAITI              
Cap-Haitien 19.7  72.2 32.8  252.4 41.6  246.5 50.0  238.5 58.5  225.3 64.3  207.1 63.9  150.7
Port au Prince 18.5  72.3 33.3  253.3 42.2  247.7 50.8  239.9 59.5  226.8 65.6  208.3 65.0  149.0
               
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC              
Santiago 19.5  70.7 31.4  253.4 40.2  247.8 48.7  240.3 57.5  227.9 63.7  210.9 64.8  154.1
Santo Domingo 18.5  69.9 30.9  254.6 39.8  249.3 48.5  242.3 57.6  230.6 64.2  214.0 66.2  155.0
               
PUERTO RICO              
Mayaguez 18.2  67.1 28.2  256.2 37.2  251.4 46.0  245.1 55.3  234.8 62.6  220.4 67.7  162.6
Ponce 18.0  66.6 27.8  256.6 36.7  251.9 45.6  245.7 55.0  235.7 62.5  221.7 68.1  163.9
San Juan 18.5  66.1 27.2  256.5 36.1  251.7 44.9  245.5 54.3  235.6 61.7  221.9 67.7  165.8
               
US VIRGIN ISLANDS              
Saint Thomas 18.4  64.9 26.0  257.1 34.9  252.5 43.8  246.6 53.2  237.2 60.9  224.3 68.1  169.3
Saint Croix 17.7  64.8 26.1  257.6 35.0  253.2 44.0  247.4 53.6  238.3 61.3  225.5 68.9  169.3
               
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS              
Tortola 18.5  64.6 25.7  257.2 34.6  252.6 43.4  246.7 52.9  237.4 60.5  224.6 68.0  170.3
               
ANGUILLA or 18.0  63.1 24.3  258.2 33.3  253.9 42.2  248.3 51.8  239.7 59.8  227.9 68.8  174.8
ST MARTIN              
               
BARBUDA 17.6  61.8 23.1  259.0 32.1  254.9 41.1  249.7 50.8  241.6 59.0  230.6 69.3  179.0
               
ST KITTS-NEVIS 17.3  62.8 24.1  258.7 33.2  254.6 42.2  249.3 51.9  241.0 60.0  229.5 69.6  175.6
               
ANTIGUA 17.1  61.8 23.2  259.3 32.2  255.3 41.3  250.2 51.1  242.2 59.3  231.4 69.9  179.0
               
MONTSERRAT 16.7  62.2 23.7  259.3 32.7  255.4 41.8  250.3 51.7  242.4 60.0  231.4 70.4  177.6
               
GUADELOUPE 16.2  61.5 23.1  260.7 32.2  256.1 41.3  251.3 51.3  243.7 59.7  233.3 71.0  180.0
               
DOMINICA 15.3  61.4 23.1  260.5 32.3  256.9 41.5  252.3 51.6  245.1 60.2  234.9 72.0  180.4
               
MARTINIQUE 14.6  61.1 22.9  261.0 32.1  257.6 41.4  253.2 51.6  246.3 60.4  236.6 72.8  181.6
               
ST LUCIA 14.0  61.0 22.9  261.4 32.2  258.1 41.5  253.9 51.8  247.3 60.7  237.8 73.5  182.1
               
ST VINCENT 13.1  61.2 23.3  261.9 32.6  258.8 42.0  254.8 52.4  248.4 61.4  239.2 74.6  181.3
               
BARBADOS 13.1  59.6 21.6  262.4 30.9  259.4 40.3  255.6 50.7  249.6 59.9  241.2 74.4  188.3
               
GRENADA 12.0  61.7 23.9  262.4 33.3  259.5 42.8  255.7 53.4  249.7 62.5  240.7 75.9  179.0
               
TRINIDAD              
Port Of Spain 10.6  61.5 23.9  263.3 33.4  260.8 43.0  257.4 53.7  252.0 63.1  243.8 77.5  180.0
               
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES              
Aruba 12.5  70.1 32.6  259.3 42.0  255.5 51.5  250.1 61.7  240.5 69.8  224.2 72.2  145.1
Curacao 12.1  68.9 31.4  260.1 40.9  256.5 50.4  251.5 60.7  242.7 69.1  228.0 73.4  148.2
Bonaire 12.2  68.3 30.8  260.2 40.2  256.6 49.7  251.8 60.0  243.2 68.6  229.1 73.6  150.6
               
               
SOUTH AMERICA   119  El/Az 110  El/Az 101  El/Az  91  El/Az  82  El/Az 61.5  El/Az
               
COLOMBIA              
Cali 03.4  76.5 40.8  266.3 50.9  264.9 61.1  262.6 72.5  257.1 82.4  238.4 71.9  102.5
Bogota 04.6  74.1 38.1  265.4 48.0  263.7 58.2  261.0 69.5  255.2 79.2  240.0 74.2  109.7
Medellin 06.2  75.6 39.5  263.5 49.5  261.0 59.5  257.2 70.5  248.6 79.5  226.1 71.9  113.3
Monteria 08.8  75.9 39.5  260.7 49.2  257.3 59.0  251.9 69.5  240.4 77.4  214.9 70.2  120.8
Barranquilla 11.0  74.8 37.9  258.9 47.5  254.9 57.0  248.8 67.1  236.7 74.6  213.5 69.8  128.9
Santa Marta 11.2  74.2 37.2  258.9 46.8  254.9 56.3  249.0 66.4  237.2 74.0  215.2 70.2  130.8
               
VENEZUELA              
San Cristobal 07.8  72.2 35.6  262.7 45.4  260.1 55.3  256.1 66.2  248.3 75.3  231.8 74.5  125.7
Maracaibo 10.7  71.6 34.5  260.3 44.1  256.8 53.7  251.8 64.2  242.2 72.5  224.7 72.8  136.2
Valencia 10.2  67.7 30.5  261.9 40.1  259.0 49.7  254.9 60.4  247.6 69.4  235.2 76.0  148.5
Caracas 10.5  66.9 29.6  261.9 39.1  259.0 48.8  254.9 59.4  247.8 68.5  236.0 76.1  152.6
Barcelona 10.1  64.7 27.3  262.8 36.9  260.1 46.5  256.6 57.3  250.5 66.6  240.6 77.5  162.3
Cumana 10.5  64.2 26.8  262.7 36.3  259.9 45.9  256.3 56.6  250.2 65.9  240.4 77.2  165.5
Ciudad Bolivar 08.1  63.5 26.3  264.5 35.9  262.4 45.7  259.6 56.6  254.8 66.4  247.2 80.2  166.1
Maturin 09.7  63.2 25.8  263.5 35.3  261.0 45.0  257.7 55.8  252.3 65.3  243.7 78.4  170.0
Ciudad Guayana 08.4  62.7 25.4  264.4 35.0  262.3 44.8  259.5 55.7  254.8 65.4  247.4 80.0  171.8
               
GUYANA              
Georgetown 06.8  58.2 20.8  266.2 30.4  264.7 40.1  262.7 51.1  259.6 61.1  255.0 81.1  206.0
               
SURINAME              
Paramaibo 05.8  55.2 17.8  267.1 27.3  265.9 37.0  264.4 48.0  262.0 58.0  258.7 79.9  227.5
               
FRENCH GUIANA              
Cayenne 04.9  52.3 14.8  267.9 24.2  266.9 33.9  265.7 44.9  263.9 54.9  261.5 77.7  242.2